Comparisons of Daily Behavior Across 21 Countries

Erica N. Baranski (First Author), Yu Yang (Participant Author), Giulio Costantini (Participant Author), Jungsoon Moon (Participant Author), Martina Hrebickova (Participant Author), Igor Bronin (Participant Author), Brock Bastian (Participant Author), Christina Ivanova (Participant Author), Anu Realo (Participant Author), John Rauthmann (Participant Author), Joey T. Cheng (Participant Author), Shizuka Kawamoto (Participant Author), Ryan Y. Hong (Participant Author), David Gallardo-Pujol (Participant Author), Jessica L. Tracy (Participant Author), Pawel Izdebski (Participant Author), Peter Halama (Participant Author), Jaechang Bae (Participant Author), Jaap J. A. Denissen (Participant Author), Gyuseog Q. Han (Participant Author)Piotr Szarota (Participant Author), Matthias Ziegler (Participant Author), Marco Perugini (Participant Author), Marcel A. G. van Aken (Participant Author), Esther Guillaume (Participant Author), Tatsuya Sato (Participant Author), Francois S. de Kock (Participant Author), Liisalotte Elme (Participant Author), Lars Penke (Participant Author), Lars Lundmann (Participant Author), Sylvie Graf (Participant Author), Gwen Gardiner (Participant Author), Mark Aveyard (Participant Author), David C. Funder

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

    2 Citations (Web of Science)


    While a large body of research has investigated cultural differences in behavior, this typical study assesses a single behavioral outcome, in a single context, compared across two countries. The current study compared a broad array of behaviors across 21 countries (N = 5,522). Participants described their behavior at 7:00 p.m. the previous evening using the 68 items of the Riverside Behavioral Q-sort (RBQ). Correlations between average patterns of behavior in each country ranged from r = .69 to r = .97 and, in general, described a positive and relaxed activity. The most similar patterns were United States/Canada and least similar were Japan/United Arab Emirates (UAE). Similarities in behavior within countries were largest in Spain and smallest in the UAE. Further analyses correlated average RBQ item placements in each country with, among others, country-level value dimensions, personality traits, self-esteem levels, economic output, and population. Extroversion, openness, neuroticism, conscientiousness, self-esteem, happiness, and tolerant attitudes yielded more significant correlations than expected by chance.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Corresponding author email

    Project name

    Czech Science Foundation;;Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic;;Estonian Ministry of Education and Science;;National Science Foundation

    Project sponsor


    Project No.

    Czech Science Foundation: 13-25656S ;;Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic: 68081740;;Estonian Ministry of Education and Science: IUT2-13 ;;National Science Foundation: BCS-1052638


    • Riverside Behavioral Q-sort
    • behavior
    • cross-cultural
    • personality

    Indexed by

    • ABDC-B
    • Scopus
    • SSCI


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