Culture as Context: A Five-Country Study of Discretionary Green Workplace Behavior

Yuan Jiang (First Author), Susan E. Jackson (Participant Author), Hanbo Shim (Participant Author), Pawan Budhwar (Participant Author), Douglas W. S. Renwick (Participant Author), Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour (Participant Author), Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour (Participant Author), Guiyao Tang (Participant Author), Michael Muller-Camen (Participant Author), Marcus Wagner (Participant Author), Andrea Kim (Participant Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

4 Citations (Web of Science)


To understand the conditions that support employee green behavior across cultures, we develop and test a conceptual model that describes how normative cues from work team leaders and peers in combination with country cultural norms shape discretionary green workplace behavior. Data from 1,605 employees in five countries indicate that power distance moderates the positive relationships observed between the discretionary green workplace behavior of leaders and their subordinates. In addition, an observed positive relationship between team green advocacy and individual discretionary green workplace behavior held across both collectivistic and individualistic cultures, contrary to our predictions. By taking macro-level cultural context into account and examining its interplay with lower-level work team norms, the study makes a significant contribution to understanding and intervening employees’ discretionary green behavior at work.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOrganization and Environment
Early online date29 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • environmental attitudes and behavior
  • leadership
  • methods-quantitative
  • organizational behavior
  • organizational behavior and the environment
  • social construction
  • survey research


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