Embedding social networks: How guanxi ties reinforce Chinese employees’ retention

Peter W. Hom (First Author), Zhixing Xiao (Participant Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

49 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Going beyond traditional inquiry into social support from local organizational constituents, this project examined how diverse resources from mutually affiliated contacts within and beyond local work environs boost propensity to stay in firms. We deployed Burt’s (1992) name generator and network closure index to more fully assess guanxi networks in China, which comprise strong, dense, and multiplex ties. Specifically, we tested how closed guanxi networks promote job loyalty among Chinese nationals, while investigating how high-commitment human resource management (HRM) systems moderate network effects. We collected egonet data from 417 employees in four high tech firms in China. Hierarchical linear modeling revealed that guanxi network closure increases propensity to stay, whose effects high-commitment HRM reinforce.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-202
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Volume116
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Corresponding author email

Peter.hom@asu.edu, xzhixing@ceibs.edu

Keywords

  • COMMUNICATION-NETWORKS
  • China
  • Guanxi
  • HIGH-TECH FIRMS
  • HUMAN-RESOURCE PRACTICES
  • High-commitment human resource system
  • JOB EMBEDDEDNESS
  • LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE
  • Network constraint
  • ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT
  • STRUCTURAL HOLES
  • Turnover
  • UNITED-STATES
  • URBAN CHINA
  • VOLUNTARY TURNOVER

Indexed by

  • FT
  • ABDC-A*
  • Scopus
  • SSCI

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