Helping Misfits to Commit: How Justice Climate Attenuates the Effects of Personality Dissimilarity on Organizational Commitment

Emily M. David (First Author), Loring Crepeau (Participant Author), Scott Tonidandel (Participant Author), Patrick F. McKay (Participant Author), L.A. Witt (Participant Author), D.R. Avery (Participant Author), Lindsay Brown (Participant Author)

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Abstract

In the present study, we examined whether greater personality dissimilarity would indirectly lead to lower organizational commitment as a result of heightened emotional exhaustion. We also proposed and tested the notion that the experience of being dissimilar to one’s workgroup members in the traits of (a) agreeableness, (b) conscientiousness, or (c) emotional stability would have the strongest positive effect on emotional exhaustion in workgroups with low justice climates. The data from 8196 members of the U.S. Armed Services confirmed the predicted negative indirect effect for agreeableness dissimilarity, but showed that conscientiousness dissimilarity resulted in a positive indirect effect on commitment. Contrary to expectations, emotional stability dissimilarity did not demonstrate a significant relationship. Multilevel moderated mediation analyses revealed that the presence of a strong workgroup justice climate attenuated the significant mediated relationships. Finally, we report supplementary polynomial regression analyses and discuss their implications for workgroup composition and individual career development. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-517
JournalJournal of Business and Psychology
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Corresponding author email

edavid@ceibs.edu

Keywords

  • Commitment
  • Emotional exhaustion
  • Justice climate
  • Personality dissimilarity

Indexed by

  • ABDC-A
  • SSCI

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