Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore different modes of service innovation by examining business model innovation alongside two traditional modes: product innovation and process innovation. Design/ methodology/ approach – The authors first empirically test a typology using archival data from 69 service innovation projects in a major mobile telecom company. The authors then extend the typology by investigating the interrelationships among service product, service process, and business model innovation based on empirical evidence from multi-mode service innovations. Finally, the authors study the patterns of modes in a networked environment. Findings – The results indicate that the typology is applicable and all three modes of service innovation exist in the sample. The authors find that all of the business model innovations involve external partnerships during the development process, while only a small proportion of service process innovations involve external partnerships. Originality/ value –This study has empirically validated a typo logy of service innovation and discussed the theoretical and managerial implications of multi -mode innovations, contributing to service innovation literature and practices.
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- Business model innovation
- Innovation management
- Service innovation