The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries

E. Guillaume (First Author), Yu Yang (Participant Author), C. Ivanova (Participant Author), J. Rauthmann (Participant Author), I. Bronin (Participant Author), P. Szarota (Participant Author), S. Kawamoto (Participant Author), T. Sato (Participant Author), D. C. Funder (Participant Author), P. Halama (Participant Author), S. Graf (Participant Author), R. Y. Hong (Participant Author), J. J. A. Denissen (Participant Author), J. L. Tracy (Participant Author), J. T. Cheng (Participant Author), E. Baranski (Participant Author), E. Todd (Participant Author), F. S. de Kock (Participant Author), L. Lundmann (Participant Author), M. Ziegler (Participant Author)L. Penke (Participant Author), M. A. G. van Aken (Participant Author), M. Hřebíčková (Participant Author), D. Gallardo-Pujol (Participant Author), G. Costantini (Participant Author), M. Perugini (Participant Author), L. Elme (Participant Author), A. Realo (Participant Author), P. Izdebski (Participant Author), J. Bae (Participant Author), J. Moon (Participant Author), B. Bastian (Participant Author), G. Q. Han (Participant Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

    19 Citations (Web of Science)

    Abstract

    The purpose of this research is to quantitatively compare everyday situational experience around the world. Local collaborators recruited 5,447 members of college communities in 20 countries, who provided data via a Web site in 14 languages. Using the 89 items of the Riverside Situational Q-sort (RSQ), participants described the situation they experienced the previous evening at 7:00 p.m. Correlations among the average situational profiles of each country ranged from r = .73 to r=.95; the typical situation was described as largely pleasant. Most similar were the United States/Canada; least similar were South Korea/Denmark. Japan had the most homogenous situational experience; South Korea, the least. The 15 RSQ items varying the most across countries described relatively negative aspects of situational experience; the 15 least varying items were more positive. Further analyses correlated RSQ items with national scores on six value dimensions, the Big Five traits, economic output, and population. Individualism, Neuroticism, Openness, and Gross Domestic Product yielded more significant correlations than expected by chance. Psychological research traditionally has paid more attention to the assessment of persons than of situations, a discrepancy that extends to cross-cultural psychology. The present study demonstrates how cultures vary in situational experience in psychologically meaningful ways.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)493-509
    JournalJournal of Personality
    Volume84
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Corresponding author email

    funder@ucr.edu

    Project name

    其他: Czech Science Foundation;;其他: Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic;;其他:Estonian Ministry of Education and Science;;其他: National Science Foundation

    Project sponsor

    其他

    Project No.

    Czech Science Foundation:13-25656S;;Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic: RVO:68081740;;Estonian Ministry of Education and Science:IUT2-13;;National Science Foundation:BCS-1052638

    Keywords

    • BEHAVIOR
    • CULTURES
    • EXPRESSION
    • JAPAN
    • NATIONAL CHARACTER
    • PEOPLE
    • PERSONALITY
    • PSYCHOLOGY
    • UNITED-STATES
    • UNIVERSAL

    Indexed by

    • ABDC-A
    • Scopus
    • SSCI
    • PubMed

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this