When Does Paternalistic Control Positively Relate to Job Satisfaction and Citizenship Behavior in Taiwan? The Role of Follower Expectation

AC Wang, Chou-Yu Tsai, Sheng-Bin Wang, Hong-Quan Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

44 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Although prior research predicts mainly that followers expect leaders to exert less paternalistic control (such as emphasis on discipline, didactic instruction, and belittling followers), we argue that such an expectation may not be stable overtime or across settings. Based on the connectionist perspectives of implicit leadership theories, we propose a follower expectation model of paternalistic control, in which followers compare their perceived with expected levels of paternalistic control. Two inconsistent conditions—insufficient and excessive control—are identified, and the consistency between perceived and expected paternalistic control is predicted to relate to favorable follower outcomes. We examine this model by conducting two daily experience sampling studies in Taiwan. Our findings indicate that insufficient control is as unfavorable as excessive control in lowering followers’ job satisfaction and citizenship behavior, and this pattern is particularly salient in terms of emphasis on discipline and the belittling of followers. A supplemental, qualitative analysis additionally demonstrated the conditions under which the expectation–perception consistency regarding belittling followers relates to favorable follower responses. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Early online date8 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Authoritarianism
  • Follower expectation
  • Paternalistic control
  • Paternalistic leadership
  • Polynomial regression

Indexed by

  • SSCI
  • ABDC-A*
  • FT

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'When Does Paternalistic Control Positively Relate to Job Satisfaction and Citizenship Behavior in Taiwan? The Role of Follower Expectation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this