Asian Conceptualizations of Leadership: Progresses and Challenges

R. Takeuchi (First Author), An-Chih Andrew Wang (Participant Author), Jiing-Lih Farh (Participant Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal


By investigating broadly a contingency approach and implicit leadership theoretical perspectives with a multilevel lens as a starting point, this review highlights the potential for Asian conceptualizations of leadership. More specifically, by highlighting the important contingent role national culture plays in influencing leadership effectiveness, we review Asian conceptualizations of leadership that exist (e.g., paternalistic leadership style, paternalism, and guanxi in the leadership setting) in the literature and the findings that have been found in a relatively selective manner. This also allows us to advance the notion of a culturally contingent leadership perspective by developing the notion of hierarchical social exchange and various modalities associated with such a relationship. By so doing, this review enables us to underscore the advantages as well as challenges associated with Asian conceptualizations of leadership as well as future research directions that need to be undertaken to more firmly establish their utility to general leadership literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-256
JournalAnnual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • cultural contingency
  • guanxi
  • paternalism
  • paternalistic leadership

Indexed by

  • Scopus
  • SSCI


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