ATRenew: How to Pursue Future Growth

Meng Rui, Qiong Zhu, Xinjie Liu

Research output: Other contributionCase Studies


This case illustrates how ATRenew used digital technology to create a transaction and service platform for second-hand 3C products. ATRenew was established to " Give a second life to all idle goods.” It focused initially on consumer electronics recycling (evidenced by its launch of the Aihuishou C2B platform in 2011) before venturing into the B2B business in 2017 via PJT Marketplace (a platform that aims to connect second-hand buyers and sellers) and the B2C business in 2019 by merging with Paipai,’s re-commerce arm. When combining the C2B, B2B, and B2C business into one integrated platform, the company developed standard quality inspection processes, a rating system for recycled products (including mobile phones and other 3C products), as well as a C2B and B2B pricing models that considered ratings, and built operations centers and a supply chain to best serve its entire business ecosystem. These efforts also empowered its partners to get the most out of second-hand items. However, as the company grew, leading one-stop re-commerce platforms, typically highly trafficked, broke into the second-hand 3C business to divide up the pie. In May 2022, the company’s management revisited the trade-off between the advantages of competing within existing market space and the advantages of developing new business for the company to achieve lasting success.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2023

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Case type

Field Case

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Published by

China Europe International Business School


  • circular economy
  • circular economy platform
  • second-hand goods recycling
  • sustainable development
  • carbon emission reduction

Case studies discipline

  • Ethics & Social Responsibility
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Strategy

Case studies industry

  • Administrative Support Waste Management and Remediation Services
  • Utilities


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