Innovation across cultures: Connecting leadership, identification, and creative behavior in organizations

Eva M. Bracht (First Author), Lucas Monzani, Diana Boer, S. Alexander Haslam, Rudolf Kerschreiter, Jeremy E. Lemoine, Niklas K. Steffens, Serap Arslan Akfirat, Lorenzo Avanzi, Bita Barghi, Kitty Dumont, Charlotte M. Edelmann, Olga Epitropaki, Katrien Fransen, Steffen Giessner, Ilka H. Gleibs, Roberto Gonzalez, Ana Laguia Gonzalez, Jukka Lipponen, Yannis MarkovitsFernando Molero, Juan A. Moriano, Pedro Neves, Gabor Orosz, Christine Roland-Levy, Sebastian C. Schuh, Tomoki Sekiguchi, Lynda Jiwen Song, Joana S. P. Story, Jeroen Stouten, Srinivasan Tatachari, Daniel Valdenegro, Lisanne van Bunderen, Viktor Voros, Sut, I Wong, Farida Youssef, Xin-an Zhang, Rolf van Dick

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

12 Citations (Web of Science)


Innovation is considered essential for today's organizations to survive and thrive. Researchers have also stressed the importance of leadership as a driver of followers' innovative work behavior (FIB). Yet, despite a large amount of research, three areas remain understudied: (a) The relative importance of different forms of leadership for FIB; (b) the mechanisms through which leadership impacts FIB; and (c) the degree to which relationships between leadership and FIB are generalizable across cultures. To address these lacunae, we propose an integrated model connecting four types of positive leadership behaviors, two types of identification (as mediating variables), and FIB. We tested our model in a global data set comprising responses of N = 7,225 participants from 23 countries, grouped into nine cultural clusters. Our results indicate that perceived LMX quality was the strongest relative predictor of FIB. Furthermore, the relationships between both perceived LMX quality and identity leadership with FIB were mediated by social identification. The indirect effect of LMX on FIB via social identification was stable across clusters, whereas the indirect effects of the other forms of leadership on FIB via social identification were stronger in countries high versus low on collectivism. Power distance did not influence the relations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Psychology
Early online date23 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Corresponding author email

Project sponsor

Interdisciplinary Center for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies (COES) (ANID/FONDAP)
Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Research (CIIR) (ANID/FONDAP)
Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT)
Projekt DEAL

Project No.



  • cross-cultural leadership
  • innovative behavior
  • multilevel modeling
  • positive leadership
  • social identification

Indexed by

  • SSCI
  • ABDC-A


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