Religion, ethnicity and cooperation: An experimental study

Swee-Hoon Chuah (First Author), Bala Ramasamy (Participant Author), Jonathan H. W. Tan (Participant Author), Robert Hoffmann (Participant Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

37 Citations (Web of Science)


We investigate how cross-cutting ethnic and religious identities as well as the strength of individual religiosity and fundamentalism affect individual cooperation. In a repeated prisoner's dilemma experiment, information about subjects' religious and ethnic identities was either revealed or concealed to examine the individual and joint effects of these influences on subject decisions. While subjects' knowledge of others' religious and ethnic difference has no net effect on their cooperativeness, the awareness of similarity increases it. Subject religiosity and fundamentalism have no independent effect on cooperation, but they enhance ethnic and religious intergroup effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-43
JournalJournal of Economic Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Corresponding author email


  • Experiments
  • Intergroup effects
  • Prisoner’s dilemma
  • Religion

Indexed by

  • ABDC-A
  • Scopus
  • SSCI


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