Repatriation: what do we know and where do we go from here

Flora F.T. Chiang (First Author), Emmy van Esch (Participant Author), Margaret A. Shaffer (Participant Author), Thomas A. Birtch (Participant Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal

25 Citations (Web of Science)


The unparalleled growth in multinational corporations in recent decades has witnessed a commensurate rise in the deployment of expatriates to foreign subsidiaries and their subsequent repatriation. However, despite considerable progress in our understanding of the expatriation phase of international assignments, the literature on repatriation remains fragmented and incomplete. Plagued with problematic re-adjustments, high turnover rates, and a range of other obstacles, there is an urgent need for an improved understanding of repatriation. This study systematically reviews the repatriation literature over the previous four decades, identifies its major themes, gaps and limitations, and provides a framework that consolidates the literature and prompts future work in several important new directions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-226
JournalThe International Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Corresponding author email


  • Repatriation
  • cross-cultural management
  • international HRM
  • international assignments

Indexed by

  • ABDC-A
  • Scopus
  • SSCI


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