Are two cynics better than one? Toward understanding effects of leader–follower (in-)congruence in social cynicism

Olivia A.U. Byza (First Author), Sebastian C. Schuh (Participant Author), Matthias Spörrle (Participant Author), Günter W. Maier (Participant Author), Stefan L. Dörr (Participant Author)

科研成果: 期刊稿件期刊论文

18 引用 (Web of Science)

摘要

Prior research suggests that leaders' social cynicism can undermine important follower outcomes such as followers' motivation and performance. However, these studies have exclusively focused on leaders' social cynicism and neglected that followers' views on the social world might also influence the leadership process. On the basis of theories of social beliefs and person–supervisor fit, we offer an integrative perspective and predict that it is the congruence between leaders' and followers' social cynicism that shapes leadership dynamics. Data from 116 leader–follower dyads from a broad range of organizations and industries support our model: Polynomial regression and response surface analyses show significant congruence effects of leaders' and followers' social cynicism on followers' extra-role behaviors and followers' proactive work behaviors. These positive effects of congruence on follower outcomes are transmitted by leader–member exchange quality. Finally, congruence effects are stronger when leaders' and followers' social cynicism is low rather than high. Overall, our study suggests that it is the correspondence between leaders' and followers' social cynicism that influences followers' leader–member exchange, extra-role, and proactive behavior. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for designing functional leader–follower dyads in organizations.
源语言英语
页(从-至)1246-1259
期刊Journal of Organizational Behavior
38
8
DOI
已出版 - 2017

Corresponding author email

olivia@byza.de

关键词

  • person-environment fit
  • person-supervisor fit
  • polynomial regression
  • social cynicism

成果物的来源

  • ABDC-A*
  • Scopus
  • SSCI

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